10% of the world is covered by glaciers, and a further 19% is barren land – deserts, dry salt flats, beaches, sand dunes, and exposed rocks.1 This leaves what we call ‘habitable land’. Dartford has the highest proportion of developed land (22.6%). The findings on land use come from the NRI data category "Land Cover/Use," which comprises mutually exclusive categories such as cropland, rangeland, forest land, other rural land, developed land, and water areas. If we extend our land coverage above from arable land use to total agricultural land (which is the sum of arable, permanent crops and pastures and meadows), we still see overall declines in land per person but with different rates and patterns of reduction. km) The findings on land use come from the NRI data category "Land Cover/Use," which comprises mutually exclusive categories such as cropland, rangeland, forest land, other rural land, developed land, and water areas. Statistics on Land Use Change in England: Letter of Confirmation as National Statistics In many cases, it is impossible to assess the impact of climate change without consideration of population dynamics, land-use dynamics, or both. The last day of May saw the Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government (MHCLG) publish their annual Land Use Change Statistics. Poore, J., & Nemecek, T. (2018). It has transformed habitats and is one of the greatest pressures for biodiversity: of the 28,000 species evaluated to be threatened with extinction on the IUCN Red List, agriculture is listed as a threat for 24,000 of them.4 But we also know that we can reduce these impacts – both through dietary changes, by substituting some meat with plant-based alternatives and through technology advances. dom_i.query(this).css("float","none"); To better understand the … This statistic displays the total volume of greenhouse gas emissions produced from land use, land-use change, and the forestry sector in Canada between 1990 and 2018. This data can be viewed for other countries and regions by selecting ‘ Animal products therefore accounted for [32 / (32 + 49) * 100] = 39% of the world’s protein. dom_i.query(document).ready(function(){ Bilateral Trade by Industry and End-use (ISIC4) Statistics from A to Z >> Data by theme. (2015) with the following notable changes: 1. If we rewind 1000 years, it is estimated that only 4 million square kilometers – less than 4% of the world’s ice-free and non-barren land area was used for farming.In the visualization we see the breakdown of global land area today. The Department for Communities and Local Government (CLG) has published statistics for land use for England. Help us do this work by making a donation. total build-up land (villages, towns, cities & infrastructure) would fit into an area the size of Libya; shrub land is equivalent to an area the size of East Asia-Pacific, from Malaysia southwards; barren land is equivalent to the size of Europe; glaciers (permanent ice & snow) approximates to an area of Antarctica & Greenland combined. The major uncertainties – and explanation for discrepancies – in these assessments is the allocation of ‘rangelands’: in some regions it can be difficult to accurately quantify how much of rangelands are used for grazing, and how much is free from human pressure. What is the abbreviation for Land Use Change Statistics? It’s important to note that this metric includes both land used for arable (cropland) production and pasture land for livestock grazing; this means that agriculture can consume a large share of land area, even in arid and semi-arid regions where extensive arable farming is not possible. In the chart here we see the global area of land use in agriculture by major crop types, from 1961 to 2014. And again from the same source the definition for permanent meadows and pastures is ‘land used permanently (five years or more) to grow herbaceous forage crops, either cultivated or growing wild (wild prairie or grazing land).’, The FAO definition for fallow land is ‘the cultivated land that is not seeded for one or more growing seasons. The agricultural area is the sum of arable land, permanent crops, permanent meadows and pastures. the European Commission’s Directorate-General for Climate Action, for land use, land use change and forestry (LULUCF) statistics in relation to the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. values in 1961 are equal to 1.0. Learn about amendment C371 that proposes to facilitate the use and development of land for a new campus for the University of Melbourne at 241 Salmon Street, Port Melbourne. In 2013, ABARES released the report Towards national reporting on land use change in Australia which describes changes in key land uses (grazing, cropping and nature conservation) over the period 1992-93 to 2005-06, nationally and at the regional scale. Local Land charges plays an important part in the conveyancing process. Land Use, Land-Use Change and Forestry (LULUCF), (USGS) Land Cover Institute (LCI) or the Land- Use/Cover Change (LUCC) research project of the International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme (IGBP) and Human Dimensions of Global Environmental Change Programme (HDP). if (imgTitle != '') { [CDATA[ Specific examples on how the data is used within the European Commission can be found here. While livestock takes up most of the world’s agricultural land it only produces 18% of the world’s calories and 37% of total protein.3The expansion of agriculture has been one of humanity’s largest impacts on the environment. imgMarginTop = imgMarginTop.replace("px",""); Online here. India, Bangladesh, Ukraine and Denmark all dedicated more than half of total land area to cropland in 2015. Guo and Gifford (2002) analyzed several publications focused on the influences of land use changes on the soil C stocks, and they found that they decline after the land use changes from pasture to plantation (− 10%), native forest to plantation (− 13%), native forest to crop (− 42%), and pasture to crop (− 59%). }else{ The NRI is a longitudinal sample survey based upon scientific statistical principles and procedures. There are some notable exceptions, however;  countries in South Asia and Europe allocate a large share of land area to arable farming. These results are based upon the 2007 NRI, which provides nationally consistent data for the 25-year period 1982–2007. Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area) Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area) Land area (sq. Carbon dioxide (CO2): Fossil fuel use is the primary source of CO2. imgWidth = imgWidth.replace("px",""); This can also be viewed by select countries and all regions using the “change country/region” option. As the world population approaches the eight billion mark, it’s becoming clear that we’re impacting the planet in unprecedented ways. Land accounts fit the bill, describing how land resource stocks change over time. Monthly Monetary and Financial Statistics (MEI) Agricultural Outlook. Overall, we see that the majority of our arable land is used for cereal production; this has grown from around 650 to 720 million hectares (an area roughly twice the size of Germany) over this period. //dom_i.query(imgDiv).append(""); Governments and international actors are increasingly understanding the connection of forests and land use. All visualizations, data, and code produced by Our World in Data are completely open access under the Creative Commons BY license. Land cover change in countries and regions Customise. Title: Microsoft PowerPoint - Session 11-2 Land use statistics (FAO) Author: Kathleen.Suite Created Date: 3/29/2005 2:16:40 PM Dear Sandra. At the global level, per capita agricultural land use is now less than half its value in 1961. Population and Development Review, Volume 38, Issue Supplement s1, pages 221–242, February 2013. The MHCLG also publish Land Use Change Statistics data which show new residential addresses in relation to the previous land use. '7, The same source defines permanent crops as follows: ‘Permanent crops are divided into temporary and permanent crops. Supersedes Land use change statistics (England): 2007 - provisional estimates (May 2008) (DCLG, 2008). Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area) The most dramatic increase in land allocation is in the production of oilcrops. However, it’s important to note the differences in land required across the meat products: poultry and pork have a land footprint 8-10 times lower than that of beef. < Back to Land Use Status and Trends 2007, NRCS Home | USDA.gov | Site Map | Civil Rights | FOIA | Plain Writing | Accessibility Statement, Policy and Links| Non-Discrimination Statement | Information Quality | USA.gov | WhiteHouse.gov This visualisation shows total cropland (which does not include land for grazing) over the long-term, measured in hectares. The UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) provide global statistics on crop and food production, supply chains, and food available for human consumption. Current estimates cover the contiguous 48 States. : dom_i.query(this).attr("alt").trim(); For an analysis of the driving forces behind emissions, based on Eurostat statistics, see the article Climate change - driving forces. Soil C stocks increase after the land use changes from native forest to pasture (+ 8%), crop to pasture (+ … Likewise, land can also remove CO2 from the atmosphere through reforestation, improvement of soils, and other activities. The methodology for creating the VLUIS is described in Morse-McNabb et al. The primary source related to land use has been the conversion of native vegetation like forests and grasslands to croplands, which in turn has released carbon from vegetation and soil into the atmosphere as carbon dioxide (CO 2). The maximum idle period is usually less than five years.’. This left only 45% as ‘natural’ or ‘semi-natural’ land. Per capita land use is highest in North America– more than double the land use of any other region. In the chart here we have plotted trends of the average arable land use per person across the world’s regions. } In some countries (particularly in Central Asia, including Mongolia, Kazakhstan, and Turkmenistan) this can reach up to 70 percent. Online here. on land use change statistics (deadline for comments 31st July 2019). The global average per capita protein availability from vegetal products was 49 grams per person per day, and 32g from animal products. For example, globally in 2014, the index value was 0.3; this means only 30% of the arable land area was needed to produce the same quantity of crops relative to 1961. Urban design Reducing food’s environmental impacts through producers and consumers. Note that estimates of change between two points in time will be less precise (relatively) than estimates for a single inventory year because the changes will be occurring on a smaller fraction of the landscape. var imgMarginLeft = dom_i.query(this).css("margin-left") == undefined ? '' dom_i.query(this).css("margin","0"); global land allocated to livestock – either in the form of grazing land or cropland used for animal feed is equivalent to the area of the Americas (North, Central and South America combined); cropland (minus land used for the production of animal feed) is equivalent to the area of East Asia-Pacific, extending as far south as Thailand; forested area is equal to Africa (minus Libya), the Middle East and South Asia; global freshwater (inland water bodies) approximates to the area of Mongolia. ERS has been a source of major land use estimates in the United States for over 60 years, and the related U.S. cropland used for crops series (Summary table 3 below) dates back to 1910 and is updated annually. } You have the permission to use, distribute, and reproduce in any medium, provided the source and authors are credited. 55 Currently, an estimated 16% of CO 2 going into the atmosphere is due to land-related activities globally, with the remainder coming from fossil fuel burning and cement … //]]>, Environmental Markets & Conservation Finance, MLRA Soil Survey Regional Offices Directory, Enter Keyword, Phrase, or Text to search the site, Conservation Effects Assessment Project (CEAP), Soil and Water Resources Conservation Act (RCA), the same sample sites have been studied since 1982, the same data have been collected since 1982 [definitions and protocols have remained the same], the inventory accounts for 100 percent of the surface area, quality assurance and statistical procedures are designed/developed to ensure that trend data are scientifically legitimate and unambiguous, it is easy to track lands as they go from one land-use category to another. The extensive land use has a major impact on the earth’s environment as it reduces wilderness and threatens biodiversity. Annual change in residential land price of Japan's major metro areas 2011-2020 Quarterly house price to rent ratio in Japan 2016-2019 Home renting rate Japan 2010-2019 : dom_i.query(this).css("margin-bottom").trim(); })*/ are not discussed here, nor are the impacts of climate change on human activities. Visualising land use areas on a global map is perhaps the most relatable way to understand the scale of different land uses across the world. With solutions from both consumers and producers, we have an important opportunity to restore some of this farmland back to forests and natural habitats. To provide some clarity on the definitions used here (and the common terminology within the literature) we have visualised these land use categories and groupings in the chart shown here. Analysis Nationally the vast majority of land is non-developed land (91.7%). For each category, some of which are further subdivided, there are acreage totals for 1971, 1985, and 1999, as well as acreage and percent change from '71 to '85 and '85 to '99. However, changes in land use can be important: estimates indicate that net global greenhouse gas emissions from agriculture, forestry, and other land use were over 8 billion metric tons of CO 2 equivalent, [2] or about 24% of total global greenhouse gas emissions. The following discussions on global land use (particularly in relation to agriculture) cover a number of definitions and combined categories. Alternative Meanings 15 alternative LUCS meanings. A database that accompanies Key Scottish Environment Statistics which contains metadata and further commentary on the statistics together with additional datasets covering the environment of Scotland, focusing wherever possible on changes over time. Our Impact on Climate Change and Land Use in 5 Charts. The visualisation here shows the change in the average cropland use per person over the long-term (since 10,000 BC), measured in hectares per person. In 2019, 24,001 species were threatened by ‘agriculture and aquaculture’. var title = dom.query(this).attr("title") == undefined ? : dom_i.query(this).attr("title").trim(); If we view the map in “chart” mode, we see how the allocation of land to agriculture has changed over time across the global regions. Rates of reduction in South Asia have been the most dramatic; per capita land use in 2014 was roughly one-third of its value in 1961. Please consult our full legal disclaimer. Looking for abbreviations of LUCS? Use … When citing this entry, please also cite the underlying data sources. Only 39% of land has never been converted to human use; around 265,000 km 2 of unaltered landscapes is lost each year, while around 290,000 km 2 is abandoned and reverting to secondary vegetation (Hurtt et al., 2017). Impact assessments frequently demonstrate that interactions between climate and land-use change may create serious challenges for aquatic ecosystems, water quality, and air quality. : dom_i.query(this).css("margin-left").trim(); Ashford has the highest proportion of non-developed land (93.9%) and the lowest proportion of developed land (5.9%) in Kent. dom_i.query(this).after("

"); Governments and international actors are increasingly understanding the connection of forests and land use. Overall we see that the arable land use per capita has declined across all regions since 1961. I am pleased to confirm that these should continue to be designated as National Statistics. Land uses and land covers change over time in response to evolving economic, social, and biophysical conditions. dom_i.query('img','.centerColImg').each(function(){ Animal products therefore accounted for [514 / (514 + 2370) * 100] = 18% of the world’s calories. Reducing the consumption of resource-intensive products and increasing the productivity of land makes it possible to produce food with much smaller inputs and reducing the impact on the environment. This data is sourced from the UN Food and Agriculture Organization. LUCS Land use change statistics in England: 2011 Publication Year 2013 Document Status Latest version of document. Allocation ranges from less than ten percent, particularly across countries in Sub-Saharan Africa and the Scandinavian region to close to 80 percent across most regions (including the UK, Uruguay, South Africa, Nigeria and Saudi Arabia). We will explore this difference in cropland and pastureland in the following section. The focus of this entry is land use for agriculture. var imgMarginTop = dom_i.query(this).css("margin-top") == undefined ? It is used to indicate the global areal extent of each land use only. if(imgTitle != ''){ Margins of error (at the 95 percent confidence level) are presented for all NRI estimates. (PDF, 1.6 MB) House and land prices. In 2013, the global average per capita energy availability from vegetal products was 2370 kilocalories per person per day, and 514kcal from animal products. Global population has more than doubled over the last 50 years. dom_i.query(this).attr("title",imgAlt); Ellis, E. C., Klein Goldewijk, K., Siebert, S., Lightman, D., & Ramankutty, N. (2010). In the map here we see the share of total (both habitable and non-habitable) land area used for agriculture. This leaves only 37% for forests; 11% as shrubs and grasslands; 1% as freshwater coverage; and the remaining 1% – a much smaller share than many suspect – is built-up urban area which includes cities, towns, villages, roads and other human infrastructure. In Europe and other major agricultural regions, such land-use conversion began more than 1,000 years ago and has proceeded nearly to completion. Land-use related policies require the development of harmonised datasets, transparent methodologies and easily interpretable statistics. Get the most popular abbreviation for Land Use Change Statistics updated in 2020 Land use change is often considered to be a primary driver for changes in biodiversity and ecosystems. The groupings and definitions shown below are based on the UN Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) and should therefore be consistent with most international data sources. Total land area used for oilcrop production has increased almost 3-fold since 1961– an area just short of the size of Mexico. Land use, development and planning policy research The research into land use, development and other planning policy issues carried out by our Strategic Planning team. Land use change statistics reports changes of residential address numbers - addresses that change from or to a residential use (address-use changes) and their location. var count = 1; It is conducted by the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS), in cooperation with Iowa State University’s Center for Survey Statistics and Methodology. Agriculture is a major use of land. Monthly Monetary and Financial Statistics (MEI) Agricultural Outlook. The FAO definition for arable land is land under temporary agricultural crops (multiple-cropped areas are counted only once), temporary meadows for mowing or pasture, land under market and kitchen gardens and land temporarily fallow (less than five years). It is Land Use Change Statistics. Table 1: Summary statistics for land use changes between the years of 1999 and 2004 in the Burdekin River catchment (van den Berg and Jamieson 2006: 12) Mapping change in the Lower Murray region. Other studies confirm this distribution of global land: in an analysis of how humans have transformed global land use in recent centuries, Ellis et al. Overall, we see that agricultural land per person is higher than that of arable land. Our World In Data is a project of the Global Change Data Lab, a registered charity in England and Wales (Charity Number 1186433). Also shown are the definitions of each. 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